Salam & Ya ALI Madad!
I am a shia from Pakistan.
Recently I started studying the Holy Quran with my own eyes instead of borrowed ones. Been using Rashad Khalifa's english translation as it is said to be the most accurate. I came across Verse 9:100:
"As for the early vanguards who immigrated (Muhajerin), and the supporters who gave them refuge (Ansar) and those who followed them in righteousness, GOD is pleased with them, and they are pleased with Him. He has prepared for them gardens with flowing streams, wherein they abide forever. This is the greatest triumph"
Doesn't that mean that Abu Bakr, Umar and Usman have been promised heaven?
Kindly guide me as I am unable to ask anyone else over here
Thanks & Regards!
In His Name the Most High,
All praise is due to Allah, may peace be upon Muhammad and his pure progeny and may the curse of Allah be upon their enemies.
The Office Answer:
History informs us that Ubayd-Allah ibn Jahsh - who was one of the first forerunner immigrants to Habesha (Ethiopia) where he turned apostate and converted to Christianity - was certainly excluded from this verse. This proves that the satisfaction of Allah the Most Exalted mentioned in the verse is not eternal and would only be bestowed upon the one who has good outcome from the Muhajireen and Ansar.
In addition, it is clear from the context that the verse does not aim at the Muhajireen and Ansar altogether but only those who are true believers; those who had sincere faith manifested in their words and deeds. The verse says: “And the first forerunners among the Muhajireen and the Ansar”; the word “among” - or “Min” in the Arabic verse - clearly means that “some” not “all” of the Muhajireen and Ansar are promised paradise. The verse proceeds to say: “and those who followed them with good conduct”, this proves that those who “follow” would not be considered following “with good conduct” if they were to follow those who have turned hypocrites such as in the case of Mu’atib ibn Qushayr or apostates such as in the case of Ubayd-Allah ibn Jahsh.
Moreover, if one wear to read the verse that follows this particular verse, he would find the holy Quran clearly speaking about the presence of hypocrites amongst the first forerunners in the holy city of Madinah. The Quran says: “And among those around you of the bedouins are hypocrites and also from the people of Madinah. They have become accustomed to hypocrisy”.
Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman are not only excluded from this verse based on the points mentioned above and the evidences found in the books of history proving their hypocrisy and them turning back on their heels to disbelief but also based on the fact that they were not the first to embrace the religion of Islam; in other words they were not from the Sabiqeen Awaleen. For example, history tells us that Abu Bakr and Umar accepted Islam a few years before the Hijra of the holy Prophet (peace be upon him and his pure family). This means that they stayed disbelievers for almost thirteen years from the Bi’tha (the beginning of the Prophet’s mission). For more details please refer to Sheikh al-Habib’s series titled: “How was Islam corrupted?”.
Thank you for contacting us.
18 Jumada al-Ula 1346
The Office of Sheikh al-Habib in London
18 Jumada al-Ula 1346